What is Cocaine Addiction?
Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that carries a high risk of addiction and abuse. It ’s available in two forms: a powdered state, which users either inhale through the nose or dissolve in water and inject in a vein, or in a rock crystal form that users smoke using a pipe. It by artificially increasing the release of dopamine in the brain.
Cocaine induces feelings of pleasure and hyperactivity. A person builds up a tolerance to dopamine the more they use cocaine, and so they need progressively larger amounts of cocaine to get the same high. Sometimes users combine the drug with alcohol, which reduces inhibitions and leads to bigger doses.
Side effects of using cocaine include an increased heart rate and constricted blood vessels. Because of this, people suffering from cocaine addiction are at extremely high risk of cardiac and respiratory arrest. Some users die after their first dose, others after hundreds.
Over time habitual users can develop manic-like tendencies that include paranoia, schizophrenia, and hallucinations.
HIV is also a very real risk of cocaine addiction, which occurs when multiple users inject cocaine with the same needle. Users may also develop skin infections and severe allergic reactions.